The NFDI4Culture Knowledge Base contains guidelines, reports, and specifications by the task areas of the consortium covering all aspects of research data management in the domain of material and immaterial cultural heritage. Additionally, we provide you with curated link recommendations to high quality open educational resources.

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Digitizing, Inventorizing, Enriching 23 Items

3D Digitization of Cultural Heritage of the European Commission

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This 2020 European Commission report identifies ten basic questions and principles that researchers should ask themselves before deciding to go 3D digitizing.

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3D Formats for Classical Studies

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The IANUS Research Data Center for Archaeology and Classical Studies, coordinated by the German Archaeological Institute, has compiled IT recommendations for the sustainable handling of digital data, including recommended formats for 3D data.

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A Research Agenda for Historical and Multilingual Optical Character Recognition

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The 2018 publication contains inspiration for advancing the field of OCR for scientific research, handling historical texts as well as manuscripts, and key recommendations on OCR.

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Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

CCO is a handbook of guidelines for documenting cultural heritage objects and the visual resources they represent. The focus is on art and architecture, but many other types of culturally relevant objects are also considered.

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Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

CDWA provides easy-to-understand and clear guidelines for structuring information when cataloging art and other cultural heritage objects in collections. It is supplemented by many examples.

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DFG Practical Guidelines on Digitisation (2016)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German English

The DFG Code of Practice offers recommendations for good practice in the preparation and implementation of digitization projects. By formulating standards, they aim to contribute to the sustainability and future viability of digitization projects.

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Documenting 6 Items

Data Curation Profile

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

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Data Curation Profiles Toolkit – User Guide

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

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Data Documentation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site provides detailed information on why, how and which research data should be documented in accordance with the FAIR criteria, with regard to formats, vocabularies, languages, protocols, repositories, persistent identifications.

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Metadata in Daily Research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site explains the benefits of documenting metadata early in the research process, provides a good overview of the steps involved, and references best practices from everyday research.

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Preparing Process Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The publication concisely explains the concept of process data as an important part of sustainable documentation in the humanities context and presents three schemas for process metadata.

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Transcription of Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The page highlights the aspect of transcription (as writing down what is spoken and observed) of qualitative research data and offers, among other things, further links for audio and video transcription as well as literature recommendations on the topic.

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Organizing 4 Items

Data Life Cycle

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The article provides an overview of the data lifecycle and its individual stages.

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Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The topic of data organization is addressed here in an overview and some measures for good data organization are presented, as well as references to other, related topics.

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Introduction to data formats

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

This resource provides an introduction such as an overview of long-term and sustainable data formats and covers file formats, conversion, compatibility, long-term stability, metadata, and machine readability.

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Tools for Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The overview compilation of forschungsdaten.info offers a first insight around tools for data organization of scientific data. It refers to various tools and software as well as their documentation.

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Planning 29 Items

Catalog of Quality Problems in Data, Data Models and Data Transformations (2020)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The publication identifies concrete data problems in research data on tangible cultural assets. Each problem is described by a structured profile that includes aspects such as the quality dimensions involved, examples, causes and ideas for improvement.

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CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model – Primer (2014)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model is the reference ontology for cultural heritage information integration (ISO Standard 21127:2014). The primer is an introduction to the fundamentals and basic modelling of CRM and provides a guided introduction.

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Data Life Cycle

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The description of the data life cycle on forschungsdaten.info is very compact, but as an introduction it explains aptly what the data life cycle is all about.

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Data Management Plan

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The article offers a good first introduction to the topic of DMP and contains numerous useful, further links for the user (including the specifications of the funding institutions, DMP tools, etc.).

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Data Sharing and Management Snafu in 3 Short Acts (2012)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This little data management horror story illustrates fundamental problems in the subsequent use of data that arise due to poor standardisation, documentation and archiving, suitable for initial sensitisation to the topic of research data management.

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Erlangen CRM / OWL

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

As an application ontology, the Erlangen CRM / OWL is an interpretation of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. 
It is the authoritative application ontology of CRM in the German-speaking world and important, e. g., for data stewards carry out implementations on the basis of…

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Rights & Ethics 20 Items

CARE – Traditional Knowledge Label

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The initiative, founded in 2010, has developed labels that document standards for the consideration of indigenous interests in FDM: the Traditional Knowledge Label (relevance of indigenous forms of knowledge) and the Biocultural Label (expectations of biocultural data…

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CARE – Traditional Knowledge Labels

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

Traditional Knowledge Labels help to implement the CARE principles. Via the page one gets a detailed explanation and further explanations of the TK labels.

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Copyright – Creative Commons FAQs

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The Creative Commons offer a licensing toolkit that has been widely used in the cultural sector. The carefully compiled FAQ on this package covers not only the basics and basic questions, but also many specific topics.

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Copyright – Guide to image rights in art historical practice

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

Der Verband Deutscher Kunsthistoriker hat einen Leitfaden zu Bildrechten in der kunsthistorischen Praxis online gestellt, der verschiedene Nutzungsszenarien und die damit zusammenhängende Rechtslage erläutert (aktualisierten Auflage von 2022).

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Copyright – iRights

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

iRights is an information platform and online magazine on law in the cultural sector, with a focus on copyright, data protection and Open Educational Resources (OER). Cultural heritage institutions are a special target group. iRights e. V. is the sponsor.

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Copyright – Rights Statements

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

If protected material is to be put online, there are modules on the Rights Statements page for corresponding information. This expresses, for example, that licences have been obtained, but that subsequent use is not possible without further ado.

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Data sharing & publishing 8 Items

Checklist for appropriate handling of research data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This DFG questionnaire helps researchers to plan and describe the handling of research data in their project beyond the context of an application.

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From project proposal to data publication

Link Recommendation
Language(s):

This task sheet for beginners contains eight key tasks on research data management, from data capture to publication: Data Management Plan, Data Structuring and Naming, Data Selection, File Formats, Metadata/README File, Legal Aspects, License Selection, Repository Selection.

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Repositories - differentiated search for repositories

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

re3data is a service for searching research data repositories worldwide. It is possible to search specifically by content categorization (e.g. subject areas).

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Repositories - international recommendations

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

DDRS is a service for locating appropriate research data repositories worldwide.

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Repositories - Introduction to selection

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

Forschungsdaten.info is the German-language information portal on research data management (FDM). On the topic of "repositories" there is a general introduction, including the topics: Choosing a repository and certification.

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Repositories - Open Access

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

open-access.network offers an introduction to open access repositories and also provides an overview of open access repositories via OPENdoar.

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Overarching topics 3 Items

DFG-Code of Conduct "Guidelines for Safeguarding Good Research Practice" (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The DFG Code of Conduct represents the consensus of the DFG's member organizations on the fundamental principles and standards of good practice, underscoring the importance of integrity in everyday research.

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Research Data in Cultural Studies – an introduction

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Martin Albrecht-Hohmaier, Andrea Polywka, Christoph Eggersglüß, Alexander Stark, Katharina Bergmann
Version: 1.0.1

A basic introduction to research data management in the arts, cultural studies and humanities, with explanations for the most important concepts, standards and tools.

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Shaping inventory-based research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

In its discussion impulse on the scientific, scholarly and cultural use of collections, the Council for Information Infrastructures (RfII) addressed the (future) role of collecting institutions in the digital transformation of science with regard to the framework conditions.

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