The NFDI4Culture Knowledge Base contains guidelines, reports, and specifications by the task areas of the consortium covering all aspects of research data management in the domain of material and immaterial cultural heritage. Additionally, we provide you with curated link recommendations to high quality open educational resources.

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Digitizing, Inventorizing, Enriching 23 Items

3D Digitization of Cultural Heritage of the European Commission

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This 2020 European Commission report identifies ten basic questions and principles that researchers should ask themselves before deciding to go 3D digitizing.

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Spectrum – the UK Collection Management Standard

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English German

The Spectrum documentation standard of the British Collections Trust has set guidelines for the comprehensive documentation of museum objects and all related work processes that are considered exemplary and are applied worldwide.

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Spectrum – Digital Asset Management (2013)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This document proposes a methodology for integrating the management of digital collections into the existing curatorial and administrative functions of the institution. It is intended as a companion document to the UK Collections Trust's Spectrum documentation standard.

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Report and Recommendations of the Task Force 3D Content in Europeana.eu

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The document contains both the 2019 survey of 3D content in Europeana as well as a set of recommendations. Although the survey was limited to the content available in Europeana at that time, the results and recommendations can be generalized in principle.

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FADGI – Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Cultural Heritage Materials (2022)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This document presents professional methods for creating the most faithful digital reproductions possible of physical two-dimensional collection items such as texts, plans, maps, graphics, or photographs.Iit also focuses on documenting image-related information in metadata.

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Provenance Research Guide (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The guide focuses on the identification of cultural property that was seized as a result of persecution during the National Socialist regime. It provides practice-oriented information on the goals, scientific methods and issues of provenance research.

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Documenting 6 Items

Data Curation Profiles Toolkit – User Guide

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

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Data Documentation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site provides detailed information on why, how and which research data should be documented in accordance with the FAIR criteria, with regard to formats, vocabularies, languages, protocols, repositories, persistent identifications.

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Transcription of Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The page highlights the aspect of transcription (as writing down what is spoken and observed) of qualitative research data and offers, among other things, further links for audio and video transcription as well as literature recommendations on the topic.

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Preparing Process Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The publication concisely explains the concept of process data as an important part of sustainable documentation in the humanities context and presents three schemas for process metadata.

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Metadata in Daily Research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site explains the benefits of documenting metadata early in the research process, provides a good overview of the steps involved, and references best practices from everyday research.

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Data Curation Profile

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

Read (de)

Organizing 4 Items

Tools for Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The overview compilation of forschungsdaten.info offers a first insight around tools for data organization of scientific data. It refers to various tools and software as well as their documentation.

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Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The topic of data organization is addressed here in an overview and some measures for good data organization are presented, as well as references to other, related topics.

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Data Life Cycle

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The article provides an overview of the data lifecycle and its individual stages.

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Introduction to data formats

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

This resource provides an introduction such as an overview of long-term and sustainable data formats and covers file formats, conversion, compatibility, long-term stability, metadata, and machine readability.

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Planning 29 Items

Guideline for the sustainable development and use of research software

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Daniel Jettka, Ulrike Henny-Krahmer
Version: 1.0.1

How can software be developed, offered and used in such a way that it itself and the research results produced with it remain sustainably available in the sense of the FAIR criteria and can be re-used as far as possible?

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Wikidata

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

Wikidata is a rapidly growing database on all knowledge domains that has been in existence since 2012 and can be edited by anyone interested or supplemented by automated enrichment. Wikidata represents one of the most important data hubs of the Linked (Open) Data network.

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Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

VIAF is an aggregated standards data service with holdings from 57 national libraries and similar providers (as of Aug. 2022). VIAF establishes concordances to an entity via the standards records available for it and offers a URI to this cluster.

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The challenge of data quality – recommendations for the future viability of research in the digital transformation (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German English

The position paper of the Council for Information Infrastructures (RfII) deals with quality assurance and enhancement in the documentation of research data and is a comprehensive and motivating analysis on the topic of quality assurance in the science system.

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Research Funding – Online Manual

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This page of the European Commission gives a very detailed overview of the possibilities and the related formalities to finance a project.

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Open Researcher and Contributor iD (ORCID)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German English

ORCID IDs are unique identification numbers for people in the scientific work process, which can be used to link them to their publications, research data and other research-related resources. The deposited data are not editorially checked.

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Rights & Ethics 20 Items

The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The CARE Principles were formulated to complement the FAIR Principles with an important research ethics aspect. The topic is explained in an introductory way and via the page one can obtain both a summary and a detailed presentation (each as a PDF).

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Research ethics principles and review procedures in the social and economic sciences

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The Council for Social and Economic Data's 2017 handout is "a first step towards a discipline-wide and interdisciplinary understanding of research ethics principles and review procedures in the German-language social and economic sciences."

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Legal aspects of research data management

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The chapter written by Anne Lauber-Rönsberg in the Practical Handbook on Research Data Management (2021) summarizes the legal framework of FDM. The focus is on copyright law, the regulations of good scientific practice, service and labor law, and data protection law.

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Human remains in the repository. Recommendations for care and use (2021)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

These recommendations for daily collection work in the areas of care, indexing and research, as well as use for teaching and exhibitions, are aimed primarily at those who have not previously worked with human remains, or have done so only rarely.

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Handling of human remains in museums and collections (2021)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

This 2021 guide from the German Museums Association provides important guidance for collections dealing with issues related to the management, presentation, and restitution of human remains.

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Dealing with collection items from colonial contexts (2021)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The guideline of the German Museums Association on dealing with collections from colonial contexts provides information and working aids for collections in researching, documenting and presenting objects and in cooperating with societies of origin.

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Data sharing & publishing 8 Items

Checklist for appropriate handling of research data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This DFG questionnaire helps researchers to plan and describe the handling of research data in their project beyond the context of an application.

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Repositories for Research Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The 2017 paper by Cordula Franzke ("Repositories for research data using the example of the Digital Humanities in national and international comparison") deals with the basic quality criteria for repositories.

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From project proposal to data publication

Link Recommendation
Language(s):

This task sheet for beginners contains eight key tasks on research data management, from data capture to publication: Data Management Plan, Data Structuring and Naming, Data Selection, File Formats, Metadata/README File, Legal Aspects, License Selection, Repository Selection.

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Repositories – RIsources der DFG

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

With RIsources (RI = Research Infrastructure), the German Research Foundation (DFG) offers an information portal on scientific research infrastructures. RIsources provides an overview of research data repositories in Germany.

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Repositories - Open Access

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

open-access.network offers an introduction to open access repositories and also provides an overview of open access repositories via OPENdoar.

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Repositories - international recommendations

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

DDRS is a service for locating appropriate research data repositories worldwide.

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Overarching topics 3 Items

Research Data in Cultural Studies – an introduction

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Martin Albrecht-Hohmaier, Andrea Polywka, Christoph Eggersglüß, Alexander Stark, Katharina Bergmann
Version: 1.0.1

A basic introduction to research data management in the arts, cultural studies and humanities, with explanations for the most important concepts, standards and tools.

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Shaping inventory-based research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

In its discussion impulse on the scientific, scholarly and cultural use of collections, the Council for Information Infrastructures (RfII) addressed the (future) role of collecting institutions in the digital transformation of science with regard to the framework conditions.

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DFG-Code of Conduct "Guidelines for Safeguarding Good Research Practice" (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The DFG Code of Conduct represents the consensus of the DFG's member organizations on the fundamental principles and standards of good practice, underscoring the importance of integrity in everyday research.

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