Culture Knowledge Base

The NFDI4Culture Knowledge Base contains guidelines, reports, and specifications by the task areas of the consortium covering all aspects of research data management in the domain of material and immaterial cultural heritage. Additionally, we provide you with curated link recommendations to high quality open educational resources.

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Digitizing, Inventorizing, Enriching 24 Items

Ground Truth Guidelines für OCR-D (Optical Character Recognition Development)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English German

The Ground Truth Guidelines have grown out of the DFG-funded initiative for Optical Character Recognition Development. They address the creation of ground truth, i. e. reference data for the development and evaluation of OCR systems.

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Guide for digital collection management at art museums (2021)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

An introduction to digitization for cultural heritage collections. It focuses on digital collection management and explains all the steps involved in the computer-assisted documentation of a collection and the subsequent networking of the data in comprehensive portals.

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Guide to the standardization of provenance information (2018)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

Recommendations for standardized and systematized documentation of results in provenance research, compiled by the Provenance Research Working Group and receiving a great deal of attention.

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Metamorfoze Preservation Imaging Guidelines (2012)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

Specifications for the digitization of two-dimensional materials such as manuscripts, books, newspapers, and magazines, but also photographs, paintings, and graphic sheets. They are technically oriented and refer exclusively to the image quality and metadata of the primary file.

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Newspaper Digitization Master Plan - Recommendations for the Digitization of Historical Newspapers in Germany

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The "Masterplan Zeitungsdigitalisierung" summarizes the experiences and results of the DFG project "Digitalisierung historischer Zeitungen" and includes a summary of the most important recommendations.

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OCR – Best-practice-guide

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The European Impact Centre of Competence in Digitisation has published this best practice guide to OCR. The guide provides an introduction to OCR and is more technical in nature, a bit older, but thorough.

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Documenting 6 Items

Data Curation Profile

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

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Data Curation Profiles Toolkit – User Guide

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The publication by Jake Carlson provides instructions on how to use the so-called "toolkit" for documenting research data, as well as templates and examples compiled for free use by Purdue University in the US.

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Data Documentation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site provides detailed information on why, how and which research data should be documented in accordance with the FAIR criteria, with regard to formats, vocabularies, languages, protocols, repositories, persistent identifications.

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Metadata in Daily Research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The site explains the benefits of documenting metadata early in the research process, provides a good overview of the steps involved, and references best practices from everyday research.

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Museums and 3D Printing

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

This resource illustrates how 3D printing works and is used in museums through a series of practical examples. It is especially recommended because of the appendices, which complete the use cases with a valuable compilation of information about 3D printing, including a glossary,…

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Transcription of Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The page highlights the aspect of transcription (as writing down what is spoken and observed) of qualitative research data and offers, among other things, further links for audio and video transcription as well as literature recommendations on the topic.

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Organizing 5 Items

Tools for Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The overview compilation of forschungsdaten.info offers a first insight around tools for data organization of scientific data. It refers to various tools and software as well as their documentation.

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Research data policies for research projects: a structured guide

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

A research data policy for research projects creates transparency in the handling of research data and requires planning, documentation and description. The contents of the guide will be transferred to an online generator as the project progresses.

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Introduction to data formats

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

This resource provides an introduction such as an overview of long-term and sustainable data formats and covers file formats, conversion, compatibility, long-term stability, metadata, and machine readability.

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Data Organisation

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The topic of data organization is addressed here in an overview and some measures for good data organization are presented, as well as references to other, related topics.

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Data Life Cycle

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The article provides an overview of the data lifecycle and its individual stages.

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Overarching topics 5 Items

Research Data in Cultural Studies – an introduction

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Martin Albrecht-Hohmaier, Katharina Bergmann, Christoph Eggersglüß, Andrea Polywka, Alexander Stark
Version: 1.0.1

A basic introduction to research data management in the arts, cultural studies and humanities, with explanations for the most important concepts, standards and tools.

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Shaping inventory-based research

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

In its discussion impulse on the scientific, scholarly and cultural use of collections, the Council for Information Infrastructures (RfII) addressed the (future) role of collecting institutions in the digital transformation of science with regard to the framework conditions.

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DFG-Code of Conduct "Guidelines for Safeguarding Good Research Practice" (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The DFG Code of Conduct represents the consensus of the DFG's member organizations on the fundamental principles and standards of good practice, underscoring the importance of integrity in everyday research.

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What is NFDI4Culture?

NFDI4Culture Video Guideline
Author(s): Sarah Pittroff
Version: 1.0.0

What is NFDI4Culture? The animated film answers questions about the activities of the consortium and about new solutions in research data management – what they are needed for and who they are good for.

Play

Guideline for a FAIR Cultural Studies Research Data Management

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Angela Kailus
Version: 1.0.1

In order to be optimally re-usable, research data should be processed according to the FAIR principles. This guideline explains what these principles mean and how they can be implemented in cultural studies and heritage collections.

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Planning 25 Items

LIDO Training

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Barbara Fichtl
Version: 1.0.1

LIDO (Lightweight Information Describing Objects) is a metadata schema for the presentation and publication of data on cultural heritage objects. This training provides the basics for understanding and using LIDO.

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What are Authority Data?

NFDI4Culture Video Guideline
Author(s): Melanie Gruß, Desiree Mayer
Contributor(s): Eva Bodenschatz
Version: 1.0.0

The tutorial basically explains what authority data are and how they can be used in relation to research data. In addition, the video describes the role of authority data for different entities and from different providers and explains their potential for the Semantic Web.

Play

Catalog of Quality Problems in Data, Data Models and Data Transformations (2020)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The publication identifies concrete data problems in research data on tangible cultural assets. Each problem is described by a structured profile that includes aspects such as the quality dimensions involved, examples, causes and ideas for improvement.

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The challenge of data quality – recommendations for the future viability of research in the digital transformation (2019)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German English

The position paper of the Council for Information Infrastructures (RfII) deals with quality assurance and enhancement in the documentation of research data and is a comprehensive and motivating analysis on the topic of quality assurance in the science system.

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Research Funding – Online Manual

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

This page of the European Commission gives a very detailed overview of the possibilities and the related formalities to finance a project.

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Lightweight Information Describing Objects (LIDO)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

LIDO is an XML schema for providing metadata on objects of material culture for various post-use contexts, from online publication to output via interfaces. It supports the full range of descriptive information on cultural property.

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Rights & Ethics 7 Items

The Legal Primer for Digitisation Projects in Cultural Heritage Institutions

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

For all those who work digitally with cultural heritage and who would like to make an initial assessment of the legal issues. The 2021 amendment to German copyright law is reflected, which includes new legal permissions, particularly for the online presentation of historical…

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The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance

Link Recommendation
Language(s): English

The CARE Principles were formulated to complement the FAIR Principles with an important research ethics aspect. The topic is explained in an introductory way and via the page one can obtain both a summary and a detailed presentation (each as a PDF).

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Dealing with collection items from colonial contexts (2021)

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The guideline of the German Museums Association on dealing with collections from colonial contexts provides information and working aids for collections in researching, documenting and presenting objects and in cooperating with societies of origin.

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Copyright – iRights

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

iRights is an information platform and online magazine on law in the cultural sector, with a focus on copyright, data protection and Open Educational Resources (OER). Cultural heritage institutions are a special target group. iRights e. V. is the sponsor.

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Copyright – Creative Commons FAQs

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The Creative Commons offer a licensing toolkit that has been widely used in the cultural sector. The carefully compiled FAQ on this package covers not only the basics and basic questions, but also many specific topics.

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Audiovisual Materials in Research and Teaching – an Overview of Copyright Aspects

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Fabian Rack
Version: 1.0.2

The legal opinion (new edition of the 2015 version) explains how audiovisual materials may be used in research and teaching. It explains in which cases researchers must obtain permission and in which use is permitted by law.

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Data sharing & publishing 10 Items

Basics of digital long-term preservation. A guide to digital long-term preservation from the perspective of the NFDI4Culture community

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Alexandra Büttner, Jörg Heseler, Matthias Arnold
Version: 1.0.2

The guideline conveys the basics of digital preservation, introduces digital archives in NFDI4Culture, explains the path of research data into the digital archive, explains the OAIS model and introduces preservation strategies. The focus is on cultural assets.

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Culture Graph Interchange Format

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Oleksandra Bruns, Etienne Posthumus, Harald Sack, Linnaea Söhn, Torsten Schrade, Jonatan Jalle Steller et al.
Version: 1.2.1

The Culture Graph Interchange Format is a lightweight data exchange format based on schema.org. It serves to integrate datasets from the domains of NFDI4Culture into the Culture Knowledge Graph and can enhance their discoverability on the World Wide Web.

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RADAR4Culture Quickstart Guide for Data Providers

NFDI4Culture Guideline
Author(s): Sandra Göller, Kerstin Soltau
Version: 1.0.0

The RADAR4Culture Quickstart Guide is published by RADAR / FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure, explains all the steps required to use this free publication service and provides information on additional functions and the available metadata fields.

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Repositories for Research Data

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

The 2017 paper by Cordula Franzke ("Repositories for research data using the example of the Digital Humanities in national and international comparison") deals with the basic quality criteria for repositories.

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Repositories – RIsources der DFG

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

With RIsources (RI = Research Infrastructure), the German Research Foundation (DFG) offers an information portal on scientific research infrastructures. RIsources provides an overview of research data repositories in Germany.

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Repositories - Open Access

Link Recommendation
Language(s): German

open-access.network offers an introduction to open access repositories and also provides an overview of open access repositories via OPENdoar.

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