NFDI4Culture Ontology

IRI
https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#
Authors
Abstract
The NFDICO core ontology describes all resources (datasets, data providers, persons, projects and other entities) in the data domain of NFDI4Culture (see: https://nfdi4culture.de/resource/about.html). It serves as the basis for the NFDI4Culture Knowledge Graph (see: https://nfdi4culture.de/resources/knowledge-graph.html) and contains mappings to numerous external vocabularies and ontologies.
Version
1.1

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Classes
  3. Object Properties
  4. Data Properties
  5. Annotation Properties
  6. Namespace Declarations

Classes

AcademicDiscipline

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#AcademicDiscipline
label academic discipline
description An academic discipline, a research field or domain of a resource, e.g. a data portal.
type
subClassOf
example
Architecture, Art History, Musicology, Media Studies, Performing Arts

Authority

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Authority
label authority
description A collection of selected decisions or rules for a form of entry that result in the consistency of entries to improve interoperability and retrieval of data.
type
subClassOf
example
Art & Architecture Thesaurus, Gemeinsame Norm Datei, Cultural Objects Names Authority
equivalentClass

AuthorityType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#AuthorityType
label authority type
description The type of an authority used for the establishment and maintainance of consistent forms of terms.
type
example
Thesaurus, Authority File, Authority List

BestPractice

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#BestPractice
label best practice
description A resource that identifies a standard or preferred procedure within a specific domain.
type
subClassOf
example
Persistent Identifier, DMB standards

City

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#City
label city
description A city or a town where the thing is located.
type
example
Berlin, Hannover, Kyiv

CollectionOrDataset

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#CollectionOrDataset
label collection or dataset
description A collection of data published or curated by an organization or a peron.
type
subClassOf
example
RISM catalogue of musical sources
equivalentClass

Contribution

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Contribution
label contribution
description A contribution to a project made by an organization or person. Subclasses are used to specify particular contributions, e.g. DataPortal or Software.
type
subClassOf

ControlledVocabulary

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ControlledVocabulary
label controlled vaocabulary
description A collection of controlled predefined vocabularies used in a specific domain to organize the knowledge.
type
subClassOf
example
AAT (Art & Architecture Thesaurus), Schema.org

Country

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Country
label country
description A country where the thing is located.
type
subClassOf

DataPortal

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#DataPortal
label data portal
description An online platform that provides access to data collections and datasets.
type
subClassOf
example
Bach digital, KultSam, MusiXplora

DevelopmentWork

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#DevelopmentWork
label development work
description A resource that identifies an ongoing development of standards, services, data models, vocabularies, ontologies, etc.
type
subClassOf
example
Development of a controlled vocabulary for audivisual material in publication and research data; Extension of the AAT vocabulary for the history of architecture

FederalState

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#FederalState
label federal state
description A federal state where the thing is located.
type
subClassOf
example
Sachsen, Berlin

InstanceOfRDMTool

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#InstanceOfRDMTool
label instance of research data management tool
description A resource that identifies a single copy of an RDM Tool running on a single physical or virtual server.
type
subClassOf
example
Research Data management Organiser, EPrints

License

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#License
label license
description A document that provides legal guidelines for the use of a resource, e.g. a software.
type
example
cc-by-3, Digital Peer Publishing Lizenz
subClassOf
equivalentClass

Mapping

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Mapping
label mapping
description A resource that documents a mapping from a format/vocabulary to another format/vocabulary.
type
example
Bach Digital Mapping, WeGA Gudielines

MediaType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#MediaType
label media type
description A format or a physical medium of digital data.
type
subClassOf
example
doc, avi, epub
equivalentClass

Norm

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Norm
label norm
description An international standard and norm that can be used to evaluate or create services.
type
subClassOf
example
ISO 15511, DINI-Zertifikat
equivalentClass

ObjectType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ObjectType
label object type
description A resource that identifies the type of object in a data collection.
type
example
book, photograph, music sheet

Ontology

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Ontology
label ontology
description An ontology used for formal representations of concepts in a resource, e.g. in data collection.
type
subClassOf
example
lido, gndo, dbo, dublin-core
equivalentClass

OntologyType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#OntologyType
label ontology type
description A resource that identifies the type of an ontology.
type
example
encoding/vocabulary, ontology, controlled vocabulary
equivalentClass

Organization

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Organization
label organization
description An organization of some kind, e.g. research organization or business organization
type
example
Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, Sächsisches Wirtschaftsarchiv, Museen der Stadt Köln
equivalentClass

Person

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Person
label person
description A resource that represents a single person.
type
example
Harald Sack, Tabea Tietz, Sasha Bruns, Etienne Posthumus
equivalentClass

Place

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Place
label place
description A spatial region, e.g. country, city or district.
type
subClassOf
example
Hessen, Berlin, Schweiz

ProgrammingLanguage

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ProgrammingLanguage
label programming language
description A formal language used for implementing a software.
type
subClassOf
example
Java, Ruby, C++, Perl, PHP
equivalentClass

Project

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Project
label project
description A scientific or business endeavor that aims to conclude an investigation or to answer a research question.
type
subClassOf
equivalentClass
example
Freischütz digital, Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi

Publication

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Publication
label publication
description A published scholarly work that reports on ongoing activity about or within a resource, e.g. a dataset.
type
subClassOf
example
MusiXplora: Visual analysis of a musicological encyclopedia, Textkategorien in kompositorischen Werkstattdokumenten

RDMInfrastructure

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#RDMInfrastructure
label research data management infrastructure
description A infrastructure used to provide research data management and enforce research data management policies.
type
subClassOf
example
correspSearch, Bildindex Kunst und Architektur

RDMService

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#RDMService
label research data management service
description A service that aims at providing support at every step of research data management, e.g. investigation, development , sustainbility of research data.
type
subClassOf
example
Untersuchung und Entwicklung von bildbasierten Such- und Analyseverfahren, Nachhaltigkeit für Forschungssoftware

RDMTool

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#RDMTool
label research data management tool
description A software tool used for tackling a specific research data management problem.
type
subClassOf
example
Annotationswerkzeug für ethnographisch erhobene Daten der Musikwissenschaft

Service

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Service
label service
description A service, expertise or skill provided by an organization or a person.
type
subClassOf
example
Data curation for HeiDATA, Expertise for the development and application of LIDO

ServiceType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ServiceType
label service type
description A resource that identifies the type of a service.
type
example
Expertise, advertisement, curation

Software

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Software
label software
description A computer software provided by an organization or a person.
type
subClassOf
example
Edirom, Muscat
equivalentClass

SparqlEndpoint

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#SparqlEndpoint
label sparql endpoint
description An endpoint URL.
type

Specification

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Specification
label specification
description A set of requirements, guidelines, standards contributed by an organization or a person.
type
subClassOf
example
RDF, SPARQL, Federation

Technology

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Technology
label technology
description A technology, e.g. a web application or a programming framework used in a resource.
type
subClassOf
example
Groovy on Grails, Angular

Website

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#Website
label website
description A collection of webpages contributed by an organization or a person.
type
subClassOf
example
https://opac.rism.info

Object Properties

authorityControl

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#authorityControl
label authority control
description The property is a relationship between data and an authority data is based on.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

authorityOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#authorityOf
label authority of
type

authorityType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#authorityType
label authority type
description The property is a relationship between an authority resource and its type.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

authorityTypeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#authorityTypeOf
label authority type of
type

bestPractice

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#bestPractice
label best practice
description The property is a relationship between a data portal and the best practice.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

bestPracticeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#bestPracticeOf
label best practice of
type

contactPoint

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#contactPoint
label contact point
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and a contact point.
type
inverseOf
domain
range
equivalentProperty

contactPointOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#contactPointOf
label contact point of
type

contributor

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#contributor
label contributor
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and the organization that has contributed it.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

contributorOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#contributorOf
label contributor of
type

country

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#country
label country
description The property relates a city or a state to a country where it is located.
type
subPropertyOf
inverseOf
domain
range

exportFormat

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#exportFormat
label export format
description The property relates a contribution to the format available for the export of a contribution.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

exportFormatOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#exportFormatOf
label export format of
type

federalState

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#federalState
label federal state
description The property relates a city to a federal state where it is located.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

federalStateOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#federalStateOf
label federal state of
type

funder

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#funder
label funder
description The property relates thing to an organization or a project that provided funding for it. The subproperties are used to specify more specific funding relationships.
type
subPropertyOf
domain
range

fundingOrganization

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#fundingOrganization
label funding organization
description The property relates a contribution or a project to the organization that provided funding for it.
type
subPropertyOf
inverseOf
domain
range

fundingOrganizationOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#fundingOrganizationOf
label funding organization of
type
subPropertyOf

fundingProject

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#fundingProject
label funding project
description The property relates a contribution to the project that provided funding for it.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

fundingProjectOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#fundingProjectOf
label funding project of
type
subPropertyOf

instance

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#instance
label instance
description The property is a relationship between an RDM Tool to its running instance.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

instanceOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#instanceOf
label instance of
type

license

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#license
label license
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and a license file.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

location

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#location
label location
description The property is a relationship between a thing and a place its located at.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

locationOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#locationOf
label location of
type

mapping

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#mapping
label mapping
description The property is a relationship between a data resource and its various representations, e.g. same resource that exists in different data formats.
type
subPropertyOf
inverseOf
domain
range

mediaType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#mediaType
label media type
description The property relates a contribution to its data format.
subPropertyOf
type
inverseOf
domain
range

mediaTypeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#mediaTypeOf
label media type of
type

norm

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#norm
label norm
description The property is a relationship between a resource and the international standard or norm.
type
subPropertyOf
inverseOf
domain
range

objectType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#objectType
label object type
description The property relates a data collection to the type of object it contains.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

objectTypeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#objectTypeOf
label object type of
type

ontologyType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ontologyType
label ontology type
description The property relates an ontology to its type.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

ontologyTypeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#ontologyTypeOf
label ontology type of
type

parentOrganization

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#parentOrganization
label parent organization
description The property is a parental relationship between organizations.
type
inverseOf
domain
range
equivalentProperty

programmingLanguage

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#programmingLanguage
label programming language
description The property links software to a programming language its written in.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

programmingLanguageOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#programmingLanguageOf
label programming language of
type

provider

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#provider
label provider
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and its provider.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

providerOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#providerOf
label provider of
type

publisher

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#publisher
label publisher
description The property is a relationship between a resource and an organization responsible for publishing it.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

publisherOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#publisherOf
label publisher of
type

relatedProject

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#relatedProject
label related project
description The property is a relationship between related projects. The property is symmetric.
type
domain
range

serviceType

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#serviceType
label service type
description The property relates a service to its type.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

software

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#software
label software
description The property is a relationship between a service and a software it uses.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

sparqlEndpoint

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#sparqlEndpoint
label sparql endpoint
description The property relates a data resource to its SPARQL Endpoint.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

sparqlEndpointOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#sparqlEndpointOf
label sparql endpoint of
type

subjectArea

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#subjectArea
label subject area
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and its academic discipline, subject area or domain.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

subjectAreaOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#subjectAreaOf
label subject area of
type

subsidiaryOrganization

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#subsidiaryOrganization
label subsidiary organization
type
inverseOf
equivalentProperty

technology

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#technology
label technology
description The property is a relationship between a resource and a technology it uses.
type
inverseOf
domain
range

technologyOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#technologyOf
label technology of
type

vocabulary

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#vocabulary
label vocabulary
description The property is a relationship between a contribution and a vocabulary it uses.
type
inverseOf
subPropertyOf
domain
range

vocabularyOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#vocabularyOf
label vocabulary of
type

partnerOrganization

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#partnerOrganization
label partner organization
description The property is a partner relationship between organizations. The property is symmetric.
type
domain
range

softwareOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#softwareOf
label software of
type

serviceTypeOf

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#serviceTypeOf
label service type of
type

Data Properties

url

IRI https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#url
label url
description URL of a thing.
type
domain
range

Annotation Properties

Namespace Declarations

rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
dc
http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/
void
http://rdfs.org/ns/void#
hydra
http://www.w3.org/ns/hydra/core#
schema
http://schema.org/
bibo
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/
dbo
https://dbpedia.org/ontology/
dcat
http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#
dcmitype
http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/
dcterms
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
dk
http://www.data-knowledge.org/dk/
doap
http://usefulinc.com/ns/doap#
fabio
http://purl.org/spar/fabio/
foaf
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
frapo
http://purl.org/cerif/frapo/
gnd
http://d-nb.info/gnd/
go
https://nfdi4culture.de/go/
modsci
https://w3id.org/skgo/modsci#
n4c
https://nfdi4culture.de/id/
nfdico
https://nfdi4culture.de/ontology#
obo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/
orcid
https://orcid.org/
org
http://www.w3.org/ns/org#
ovm
http://omv.ontoware.org/2005/05/ontology#
prism
http://prismstandard.org/namespaces/basic/2.0/
sd
https://w3id.org/okn/o/sd#
skos
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#
swo
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/swo/
tadirah
https://vocabs.dariah.eu/tadirah/
unesco
http://vocabularies.unesco.org/thesaurus/
vcard
http://www.w3.org/2006/vcard/ns#
vivo
http://vivoweb.org/ontology/core#
wikidata
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/
xml
http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#